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Keys to Revelation - chapter 2

Written by: Capoccia, Tony    Posted on: 05/12/2003

Category: Bible Studies

Source: CCN

                        Keys to Revelation - Chapter 2

Taken from the HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION (C) 1978 by the New York International Bible Society, used by permission of Zondervan Bible Publishers.

          BIBLE TEXT                                  COMMENTARY

REV 2:1  "To the angel of the            [angel] - messenger, pastor church in Ephesus write: These are        the words of him who holds the            [holds] - to have power over      seven stars in his right hand and        walks among the seven golden              [stars] - the pastors of the      lampstands:                              seven churches (REV 1:20)       

                                          [walks among] - patrolling His                                              churches, intimately knowing                                                each one                                                                 

REV 2:2  I know your deeds, your          [deeds..hard work] - wearisome toil hard work and your perseverance. I      know that you cannot tolerate            [wicked men] - not the pagans, but wicked men, that you have tested          those who claimed to be Christians those who claim to be apostles but        but were not are not, and have found them false.     

REV 2:3  You have persevered and          implies strenuous and exhausting have endured hardships for my name,      labor and have not grown weary. 

REV 2:4  Yet I hold this against          [Yet] - The church was "doing" a lot you: You have forsaken your first        for Christ, but was lacking the love.                                    element of Love.

REV 2:5  Remember the height from        [Remember] - recall the height of which you have fallen! Repent and        of the Love that used to exist do the things you did at first. If        you do not repent, I will come to        [Repent] - to change one's thinking, you and remove your lampstand from        to think differently                its place.                                                                          [at first] - the way you used to be                                           when first in love with Christ     

                                          [remove..lampstand] - take away the                                           light (ministry, effect, impact)                                           

REV 2:6  But you have this in your        [practices of Nicolaitans] - word favor: You hate the practices of          nikao means "to conquer" and laos the Nicolaitans, which I also hate.      "the people."  Suspect they were a                                           Sect that imposed a clerical hier-                                            archy on the laity.  Much like the                                           Roman Catholic Church and her Pope. 

REV 2:7  He who has an ear, let him      [has an ear] - everyone has ears but hear what the Spirit says to the          not everyone listens.  Jesus is say- churches. To him who overcomes, I        ing take to heart what I am saying. will give the right to eat from the      tree of life, which is in the            [overcomes] - (1JN 5:5) Those who  paradise of God.                          by Faith, and Repentance come to                                              Christ in humble submission.       

                                          [tree of life] - First given in GEN                                           2:9 is restored to man in his new                                            Paradise, the Eternal Home..REV 22:2

REV 2:8  "To the angel of the            [angel] - messenger, pastor church in Smyrna write: These are        the words of him who is the First and the Last, who died and came to life again. 

REV 2:9  I know your afflictions          [afflictions] - imprisonment and and your poverty--yet you are rich!      death for the cause of Christ I know the slander of those who say      they are Jews and are not, but are        [poverty] - lack of wealth and jobs  a synagogue of Satan.                    because of their Christianity       

                                          [synagogue of Satan] - No longer                                              God's place of worship since they                                              rejected Jesus and the cross. Judaism                                           has become a false religion.       

REV 2:10  Do not be afraid of what        [devil..put] - much like Job's you are about to suffer. I tell          suffering, which tested his love for you, the devil will put some of you      God.  in prison to test you, and you will      suffer persecution for ten days. Be      [ten days] - either a literal 10 day faithful, even to the point of            period or a set time of suffering of death, and I will give you the            limited duration.                  crown of life.                                                                      [Be faithful] - Don't recant by                                              denying Christ, proving a lack of                                            true conversion.  Hold firm because                                           Christ is on your side.           

REV 2:11  He who has an ear, let          [has an ear, overcomes] - REV 2:7 him hear what the Spirit says to                                    the churches. He who overcomes will      [second death] - The first death is not be hurt at all by the second          our physical death, but then the death.                                    Christian never dies again, however                                           the unbeliever goes to his second                                           death of eternal punishment in the                                           Lake of Fire (DAN 12:2, JOH 5:29,                                           REV 20:14)

REV 2:12  "To the angel of the            [angel] - messenger, pastor church in Pergamum write: These are the words of him who has the sharp,      [sword] - The Word of God from the double-edged sword.                      mouth of God Himself--Jesus Christ.

REV 2:13  I know where you live--        [his throne] - Satan is not omni- where Satan has his throne. Yet you      present and moves about the earth, remain true to my name. You did not      but there are places where his    renounce your faith in me, even in        influence and power is more evident. the days of Antipas, my faithful          witness, who was put to death in          [Antipas] - A martyr of the early your city--where Satan lives.            Church.                         

REV 2:14  Nevertheless, I have a          [Nevertheless] - God wants us to few things against you: You have          strive for perfection, even though people there who hold to the              we will fall short, but He never teaching of Balaam, who taught            will accept a compromise in His Balak to entice the Israelites to        Church or His people. sin by eating food sacrificed to          idols and by committing sexual            [hold to teaching] - Some there  immorality.                              were into false doctrines that in-                                           cluded worship of idols and sexual                                           sins. (see NUM 31:15-16).       

REV 2:15  Likewise you also have          [Nicolaitans] - see REV 2:6 those who hold to the teaching of the Nicolaitans. 

REV 2:16  Repent therefore!              [will..come..fight] - Jesus will Otherwise, I will soon come to you        fight against His own churches if and will fight against them with          they will not repent of their false the sword of my mouth.                    doctrine.  Even if 99 doctrines are                                           "right on" but one is false and the                                           church or christian is unwilling to                                           change then Christ will oppose them.

REV 2:17  He who has an ear, let          [has an ear, overcomes] - REV 2:7 him hear what the Spirit says to          the churches. To him who overcomes,      [hidden manna] - In EXO 16:32  I will give some of the hidden            God had some manna hidden in the  manna. I will also give him a white      Ark as a testimony of God's grace  stone with a new name written on          and faithfulness, likewise God    it, known only to him who receives        promises the new manna which is    it.                                      Christ in His fullness (JOH 6:31-                                           33).                             

                                          [white stone] - Used in Bible times                                           as a token which provided many priv-                                           ileges.  Normally received stone as                                           a reward for service or victory.

                                          [new name..known only] - On this                                            stone, which most likely will be a                                           precious stone (large diamond) a                                           very private name will be inscribed                                           that will be special between Jesus                                           and each of His loved believers.

REV 2:18  "To the angel of the            [angel] - messenger, pastor church in Thyatira write: These are the words of the Son of God, whose        [blazing..eyes] - Eyes of judgment eyes are like blazing fire and            and discernment, burning indignation whose feet are like burnished            bronze.                                  [burnished bronze] - Same as REV 1:15                                           feet were glowing like in a furnace                                           which are feet of judgment.       

REV 2:19  I know your deeds, your        [know] - Christ knows our inner self love and faith, your service and          even more than we do (1SA 16:7).  perseverance, and that you are now        [more than] - This church is really doing more than you did at first.        growing and active.

REV 2:20  Nevertheless, I have this      [Nevertheless] - See REV 2:16 against you: You tolerate that            woman Jezebel, who calls herself a        [Jezebel] - Probably not her real  prophetess. By her teaching she          name but rather a woman like Jezebel misleads my servants into sexual          who is teaching false doctrine and  immorality and the eating of food        leading Christians into serious sin. sacrificed to idols.                   

REV 2:21  I have given her time to        [given her time] - The grace of God repent of her immorality, but she        with sinners, even wicked ones try- is unwilling.                            ing to destroy God's people, He is                                           willing that they repent, but she                                           refuses.

REV 2:22  So I will cast her on a        [cast on a bed] - Not unusual for bed of suffering, and I will make        God to judge or discipline a person those who commit adultery with her        in the same area as their sin.  She suffer intensely, unless they            was involved in sexual sins in bed repent of her ways.                      so she will suffer pain in bed.

REV 2:23  I will strike her              [children] - could be her own child- children dead. Then all the              ren, but most likely those she churches will know that I am he who      brought up in her false teachings. searches hearts and minds, and I          will repay each of you according to      [repay..deeds] - Those who have done your deeds.                              deeds of wickedness get the payment                                           of Eternal Hell, whereas those who                                            have done deeds of righteousness                                              will receive Eternal Life.         

REV 2:24  Now I say to the rest of you in Thyatira, to you who do not hold to her teaching and have not        [deep secrets] - The demonic teach- learned Satan's so-called deep            ings of Satan that promise power and secrets (I will not impose any            life but only bring utter chaos and other burden on you):                    punishment.

REV 2:25  Only hold on to what you        [hold on] - Be steadfast and endure have until I come.                        all your life until either you die                                           or Jesus returns.  This is one of                                           the key evidences of salvation, that                                           a person continues in Christ to the                                           end of their lives.

REV 2:26  To him who overcomes and        [overcomes] - REV 2:7 does my will to the end, I will          give authority over the nations--        [will to the end] - If you endure to                                           the end you will be saved and be                                              rewarded.  The endurance is also a                                            gift, "God who gives endurance"                                              (ROM 15:5).                       

                                          [authority over nations] - During                                           the Millennium (1,000 year rule of                                           Christ, we will rule and reign with                                           Him (REV 20:6).

REV 2:27  'He will rule them with        Quote from Psalm 2:9 about the an iron scepter; he will dash them        Righteous and Rigorous Rule of to pieces like pottery'-- just as I      Jesus Christ during the Millennium. have received authority from my Father. 

REV 2:28  I will also give him the        [morning star] - In REV 22:16 Jesus morning star.                            declares that He is the "Bright                                           Morning Star," and for all that                                            overcome they will receive the                                           precious gift of Christ.

REV 2:29  He who has an ear, let          [hear] - Again Jesus reminds those him hear what the Spirit says to          who have ears to hear to listen the churches.                            carefully to His words and instruc-                                           tion.

Tony Capoccia BIBLE BULLETIN BOARD Box 130 Shreveport, LA 71110 Modem (318) 949-1456 300/1200/2400/9600 Baud

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