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Christian Doctrine, M-N, MAN- NEW COVENANT

Written by: Unknown    Posted on: 05/05/2003

Category: Bible Studies

Source: CCN

            MAN---HIS CREATION...

            Man  was the consummation of God's creation (1Corinthians  2:11-12);             he was created, generally speaking, in God's image and likeness (Gen             1:26-27), and specifically from the dust of the ground.

            1CO  2:11  For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except  the             man's  spirit within him? In the same way no one knows the  thoughts             of God except the Spirit of God.

            1CO  2:12  We  have not received the spirit of the  world  but  the             Spirit  who is from God, that we may understand what God has  freely             given us.

            GEN  1:26  Then  God said, "Let us make man in our  image,  in  our             likeness,  and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the  birds             of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the             creatures that move along the ground."

            GEN  1:27  So God created man in his own image, in the image of  God             he created him; male and female he created them.

            God breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became  a             living  soul (Gen 2:7). This was clearly an act of divine  creation,             not  evolution,  and is so stated by God and verified  by  the  Lord             Jesus (Matthew 19:4; Mark 10:6).

            GEN 2:7  the LORD God formed the man from the dust of the ground and             breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became  a             living being.

            MAT 19:4  "Haven't you read," he replied, "that at the beginning the             Creator 'made them male and female,'

            MAR 10:6  "But at the beginning of creation God 'made them male  and             female.'

            Man is a tripartite being---spirit, soul, and a body (1 Th  5:23)---             which principally constitutes his image of and likeness to God.             1.>    Spirit...                   is  the  part of man able to contemplate God, the  part  that             knows and is capable of distinguishing (1 Corinthians 2:11).

            1CO  2:11  For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except  the             man's  spirit within him? In the same way no one knows the  thoughts             of God except the Spirit of God.

            2.>    Soul...                   is  the  part of man embodying the  sensibilities,  emotions,             affections, desires, etc., and will (Psalms 42:1-6).

            PSA  42:1  As the deer pants for streams of water, so my soul  pants             for you, O God.

            PSA 42:2  My soul thirsts for God, for the living God. When can I go             and meet with God?

            PSA 42:3  My tears have been my food day and night, while men say to             me all day long, "Where is your God?"

            PSA 42:4  These things I remember as I pour out my soul: how I  used             to  go  with the multitude, leading the procession to the  house  of             God, with shouts of joy and thanksgiving among the festive throng.

            PSA  42:5  Why are you downcast, O my soul? Why so disturbed  within             me? Put your hope in God, for I will yet praise him, my Savior and

            PSA  42:6  my God. My soul is downcast within me; therefore  I  will             remember  you  from  the  land  of  the  Jordan,  the  heights  of             Hermon--from Mount Mizar.

                  The "heart", as used in Scripture, is practically the same as             soul. Soul, too, is frequently used as the individual person  (Gene-             sis 2:7; 12:5).

            GEN 2:7  the LORD God formed the man from the dust of the ground and             breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became  a             living being.

            GEN  12:5  He  took  his  wife  Sarai,  his  nephew  Lot,  all  the             possessions they had accumulated and the people they had acquired in             Haran,  and  they set out for the land of Canaan, and  they  arrived             there.

            3.>    The physical body, subject to death...                   is  the  earthly abode of soul and spirit, and  embodies  the             physical senses, the consciousness of which is conveyed to soul  and             spirit.                   The body of the saved, with soul and spirit, will be redeemed             and forever glorified at the resurrection (1 Corinthians  15:47-50).             The unsaved will be raised one thousand years later to a judgment of             eternal condemnation (Revelation 20:11-15).

            1CO  15:47  The first man was of the dust of the earth,  the  second             man from heaven.

            1CO  15:48  As  was the earthly man, so are those who  are  of  the             earth;  and as is the man from heaven, so also are those who are  of             heaven.

            1CO  15:49  And just as we have borne the likeness of  the  earthly             man, so shall we bear the likeness of the man from heaven.

            1CO  15:50  I declare to you, brothers, that flesh and blood  cannot             inherit  the  kingdom of God, nor does the  perishable  inherit  the             imperishable.

            REV 20:11  Then I saw a great white throne and him who was seated on             it. Earth and sky fled from his presence, and there was no place for             them.

            REV 20:12  And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before  the             throne, and books were opened. Another book was opened, which is the             book  of life. The dead were judged according to what they had  done             as recorded in the books.

            REV  20:13  The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death  and             Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each person was judged             according to what he had done.

            REV  20:14  Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of  fire.             The lake of fire is the second death.

            REV  20:15  If anyone's name was not found written in the  book  of             life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.

            MAN---THE NEW AND THE OLD...

            ROM 6:6  For we know that  our        ROM  6:6  Knowing  this,  that             old  self was  crucified  with        our old man is crucified  with             him  so that the body  of  sin        him,  that  the  body  of  sin             might be done away with,  that        might  be  destroyed,  that             we should no longer be  slaves        henceforth we should not serve             to sin--                              sin. (KJV)

            In  Romans 6:6, the "old man" is the unsaved man with all  his  evil             desires and habits, the natural man himself. That man was  crucified             with  Christ and is seen by God on that cross with His blessed  Son.             God counts the old man dead, and the believer is urged to make  this             so  in actuality by "putting off" the old and "putting on"  the  new             man (Colossians 3:8-14).

            COL 3:8  But now you must  rid        COL  3:8  But now ye also  put             yourselves of all such  things        off  all these; anger,  wrath,             as these: anger, rage, malice,        malice,  blasphemy,    filthy             slander,  and filthy  language        communication  out  of  your             from your lips.                      mouth. (KJV)

            COL  3:9  Do not lie  to  each        COL 3:9  Lie not one to anoth-             other,  since you  have  taken        er,  seeing that ye  have  put             off  your  old self  with  its        off  the  old  man  with  his             practices                            deeds; (KJV)

            COL 3:10  and have put on  the        COL 3:10  And have put on  the             new  self,  which  is  being        new  man, which is renewed  in             renewed  in knowledge  in  the        knowledge  after the image  of             image of its Creator.                him that created him: (KJV)

            COL  3:11  Here there  is  no        COL  3:11  Where  there  is             Greek  or Jew, circumcised  or        neither Greek nor Jew, circum-             uncircumcised,      barbarian,        cision  nor  uncircumcision,             Scythian,  slave or free,  but        Barbarian, Scythian, bond  nor             Christ is all, and is in all.        free:  but Christ is all,  and                                                   in all. (KJV)

            COL 3:12  Therefore, as  God's        COL 3:12  Put on therefore, as             chosen people, holy and dearly        the  elect  of God,  holy  and             loved, clothe yourselves  with        beloved,  bowels  of  mercies,             compassion, kindness,  humili-        kindness, humbleness of  mind,             ty, gentleness and patience.          meekness, longsuffering; (KJV)

            COL 3:13  Bear with each other        COL  3:13    Forbearing  one             and  forgive  whatever  griev-        another,  and  forgiving  one             ances you may have against one        another,  if  any man  have  a             another.  Forgive as the  Lord        quarrel  against any: even  as             forgave you.                          Christ forgave you, so also do                                                   ye. (KJV)

            COL  3:14  And over all  these        COL 3:14  And above all  these             virtues  put  on  love,  which        things  put on charity,  which             binds  them  all  together  in        is the bond of perfectness.             perfect unity.                        (KJV)

            But the "new man" (Ephesians 4:24) is the born-again man, and he who             was  crucified with Christ now lives with Christ  (Galatians  2:20),             and Christ in him.

            EPH  4:24  and to put  on  the        EPH  4:24  And that ye put  on             new  self, created to be  like        the  new man, which after  God             God in true righteousness  and        is  created  in  righteousness             holiness.                            and true holiness. (KJV)

            GAL  2:20  I have been  cruci-        GAL 2:20  I am crucified  with             fied  with  Christ  and  I  no        Christ:  nevertheless I  live;             longer live, but Christ  lives        yet  not I, but Christ  liveth             in me. The life I live in  the        in  me: and the life  which  I             body,  I live by faith in  the        now  live in the flesh I  live             Son  of God, who loved me  and        by  the  faith of the  Son  of             gave himself for me.                  God,  who loved me,  and  gave                                                   himself for me. (KJV)

            This  "new  man"  is not a reformation, but is  a  new  creation  (2             Corinthians  5:17; Galatians 6:15), a partaker of the divine  nature             (2 Peter 1:4).

            2CO 5:17  Therefore, if anyone        2CO 5:17  Therefore if any man             is  in  Christ, he  is  a  new        be  in  Christ, he  is  a  new             creation;  the old  has  gone,        creature:  old  things  are             the new has come!                    passed  away;  behold,  all                                                   things are become new.

            GAL 6:15  Neither circumcision        GAL 6:15  For in Christ  Jesus             nor    uncircumcision    means        neither circumcision  availeth             anything; what counts is a new        any thing, nor uncircumcision,             creation.                            but a new creature.

            2PE 1:4  Through these he  has        2PE  1:4  Whereby  are  given             given  us his very  great  and        unto  us exceeding  great  and             precious  promises,  so  that        precious  promises:  that  by             through them you may  partici-        these ye might be partakers of             pate in the divine nature  and        the  divine  nature,  having             escape  the corruption in  the        escaped the corruption that is             world caused by evil desires.        in the world through lust.

            MAN'S NATURE...

            Man  in the beginning was created a tripartite being.  Hebrews  4:12             shows that soul and spirit of man are capable of being divided, thus             proving they are not the same.

            HEB 4:12  For the word of God is living and active. Sharper than any             double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and  spirit,             joints  and  marrow;  it judges the thoughts and  attitudes  of  the             heart.

            Neither  is  the natural physical body (soma psuchikon,  Greek)  the             same  as  the  resurrection body, which is a  spiritual  body  (soma             pneumatikon,  Greek)  (1 Corinthians 15:44), though it  consists  of             flesh and bones (Luke 24:39).

            1CO 15:44  it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body.             If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body.

            LUK  24:39  Look at my hands and my feet. It is I myself!  Touch  me             and see; a ghost does not have flesh and bones, as you see I have."

            There is a vast difference between soul and spirit in Scripture, the             spirit  being the part of man capable of knowing and  distinguishing             (1 Corinthians 2:11), in brief, the mind...

            1CO  2:11  For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except  the             man's  spirit within him? In the same way no one knows the  thoughts             of God except the Spirit of God.

            Whereas  the  soul constitutes the part of man  which  embraces  the             sensibilities, such as emotions, affections, desires, and the  will,             being  similar to the "heart", as used in Scripture (Matthew  26:38;             11:29; John 12:27).

            MAT 26:38  Then he said to them, "My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow             to the point of death. Stay here and keep watch with me."

            MAT 11:29  Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am  gentle             and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.

            JOH 12:27  "Now my heart is troubled, and what shall I say? 'Father,             save  me from this hour'? No, it was for this very reason I came  to             this hour.

            The  Hebrew word "nephesh" in the Old Testament, translated  "soul",             is alike in meaning to the Greek word "psuche" of the New Testament,             and  the uses of the words are the same. The Hebrew word in the  Old             Testament for spirit is "ruach", the Greek word in the New Testament             being  "pneuma", and each is rendered by the translators  as  "wind,             air,  breath",  but for the most part "spirit", both of God  and  of             men.  Man,  being spirit, has awareness of God, and may,  if  saved,             commune with God through prayer (Psalms 65:2; Acts 10:31; Jam 5:15).

            PSA 65:2  O you who hear prayer, to you all men will come.

            ACT  10:31  and  said, 'Cornelius, God has heard  your  prayer  and             remembered your gifts to the poor.

            JAM 5:15  And the prayer offered in faith will make the sick  person             well;  the  Lord  will raise him up. If he has sinned,  he  will  be             forgiven.

            Being  soul,  man has awareness of self (Psalms 42:5-6);  and  being             body,  man  has through the senses, power  of  physical  perception,             which is transmitted to soul and spirit.

            PSA  42:5  Why are you downcast, O my soul? Why so disturbed  within             me? Put your hope in God, for I will yet praise him, my Savior and

            PSA  42:6  my God. My soul is downcast within me; therefore  I  will             remember  you  from  the  land  of  the  Jordan,  the  heights  of             Hermon--from Mount Mizar.

            MAN'S ORIGINAL CONDITION...

            God  created man in His own image, after His own  likeness  (Genesis             1:26-27; 9:6).

            GEN  1:26  Then  God said, "Let us make man in our  image,  in  our             likeness,  and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the  birds             of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the             creatures that move along the ground."

            GEN  1:27  So God created man in his own image, in the image of  God             he created him; male and female he created them.

            GEN 9:6  "Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood  be             shed; for in the image of God has God made man.

            By  reference to Ephesians 4:23-24, Colossians 3:10, Romans 8:29,  2             Corinthians 3:18, and Colossians 1:15 it is evident that the "image"             and "likeness" plainly have reference to the intellectual and  moral             nature of man.

            EPH 4:23  to be made new in the attitude of your minds;

            EPH 4:24  and to put on the new self, created to be like God in true             righteousness and holiness.

            COL  3:10  and have put on the new self, which is being  renewed  in             knowledge in the image of its Creator.

            ROM 8:29  For those God foreknew he also predestined to be conformed             to  the  likeness of his Son, that he might be the  firstborn  among             many brothers.

            2CO  3:18  And we, who with unveiled faces all reflect  the  Lord's             glory, are being transformed into his likeness with  ever-increasing             glory, which comes from the Lord, who is the Spirit.

            COL  1:15  He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn  over             all creation.

            But the Hebrew word used in Psalm 17:15 clearly means a visible form             as  in  Numbers  12:8; therefore it would seem that  the  image  and             likeness would have also some reference to the "visible" likeness.

            PSA  17:15&nbs

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