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John Wycliffe, 1320-1384, Reformer

Written by: Ruckman    Posted on: 03/12/2003

Category: Biographies

Source: CCN

BIO:John Wycliffe

1320-1384 The Morning Star of the Reformation. John Wycliffe was a Saxon, born in Hipswell, England. He earned degrees at Oxford University and became a doctor of theology in 1372. After serving as an envoy to France, representing England in a dis- pute with the Pope, he returned to England and published writings against the secular power of the Papacy.         In spite of attempts by the Church to have Wycliffe arrested and assassinated, he continued to write and to preach. He maintained that no Pope nor council was infalli- ble, and if their views contradicted the Bible, those views were wrong. He taught that the clergy should not rule as princes of the church, but should help the people and lead them to Christ.         Finally prohibited by the Bishop of London from preaching, Wycliffe confined himself to writing and translat- ing the Bible from Latin to English. Thirty-one years after his death, the Church ordered all his books burned, his bones dug up and burned, and his ashes scattered on the Thames River.

Ruckman '66

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