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IS YOUR HOPE BIBLE-BASED?

Written by: Brown, David L.    Posted on: 04/24/2003

Category: Cults / Sects / Non Christian Religions and Topics

Source: CCN

                      IS YOUR HOPE BIBLE-BASED?           Questions and reflections for Jehovah's Witnesses

                              FOREWORD

                  FOR THE JEHOVAH'S WITNESS READER

          The apostle Peter told the Christians in his day:

  "But  sanctify the Christ as Lord in your hearts, always ready  to make a defense  before everyone that demands of you a reason for  the  hope  in  you,  but  doing so together with a mild temper  and  deep  respect."  (1 Peter 3:15)

The  reason this brochure has been written is to  humbly  challenge  you  to  consider  whether your hope is  really  based  on    the  Bible.  The defense  you give of the "reason for the hope in you"  - is  it  really  Scriptural?  We  ask  you to  follow  this  advice  of    the    best-selling  Watchtower publication,  The  Truth  That Leads to Eternal  Life (page 13):

"We need to examine, not only what we personally believe, but also what is taught by any religious organization with  which we may be associated.  Are its teachings in full harmony with God's  Word, or are they based on the traditions of men?  If we  are  lovers of the truth, there is nothing to  fear  from such  an  examination.  It should be the  sincere  desire  of every one of us to learn what God's will is for us, and  then to do it.-John 8:32."-(1981 revised edition; emphasis ours)

                              FOREWORD                     FOR THE NON-WITNESS READER

Those  who  are  unfamiliar  with  the  teachings  of    Jehovah's  Witnesses  regarding  their  hope  of salvation  may  need  a  little explanation  about  what they believe.  The Witnesses  believe  only 144,000 will receive the call to be with Christ in heaven.  The  rest of faithful mankind have  a different  hope, everlasting life here on earth.  Only those who  claim to  be of  the  144,000  (now estimated to  be  under 9,000 of  the  over  3,395,000  Witnesses  world-wide)  believe  they  are  born-again or are now God's sons.  Over  99%  of the  Witnesses believe they will live on  a Paradise  earth.    They never hope to be with Christ or go  to  heaven. Verses  that speak of a "great crowd" or "other sheep" are  applied  by them  to this group with an earthly hope (Revelation 7:9; John  10:16). Since  the  year 1935, almost all those  becoming  Jehovah's  Witnesses profess  this earthly  hope.  Jehovah's Witnesses also believe that  all of  God's people  who  died  before  the outpouring of  the  Holy  Spirit  at Pentecost  have only  the earthly hope.  This means that  all  those  who  served  God in Old Testament times will live on earth and  never  go  to heaven. 

The  Witnesses  believe  that  those with the  heavenly  hope  are  now justified  and made God's children.  They also believe that those  with  the earthly hope only receive a partial justification  for  now and  will only  become God's sons after the Millennium.  Those  with  the  earthly  hope  will never be born-again.  They  also  are  not entitled to  partake of  the bread and wine at the Witnesses'  annual  Memorial  (Communion).  The 1987 Memorial attendance was  8,965,000.  Only 8,808 partook of  the bread  and  wine.  Most congregations  of Jehovah's  Witnesses  had  no partakers.

Unless  otherwise  indicated, all Scripture citations are  from  the  1984  edition  of the New World Translation of the  Holy  Scriptures,  published by the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, Inc.

                          ONE HOPE OR TWO?

Ephesians  4:4-6:  "One body there is, and one spirit, even  as  you  were called  in the one hope to which you were called; one Lord,  one  faith, one  baptism,  one God and Father of all persons, who is  over  all  and through all and in all."

What  Bible  verse  specifically  states  there  are  2  hopes  for Christians?

                              EVERYONE?

1  John 5:1:  "Everyone believing that Jesus is the Christ  has  been born from God."

Do you believe that Jesus is the Messiah (the Christ)?

                DO YOU WANT TO ENTER GOD'S KINGDOM?

John  3:5,7:  "Jesus  answered: `Most truly I say  to  you,  Unless  anyone  is  born  from water and spirit, he  cannot  enter  into  the kingdom of God.  Do not marvel because I told you, You people must be born again.'"

                    DO YOU HAVE FAITH IN CHRIST?

Galatians  3:26:    "You are all, in fact, sons of God  through  your faith in Christ Jesus."

Have you been born again as one of God's children?

          ARE YOU IN HARMONY WITH THE FLESH OR THE SPIRIT?

Romans  8:5-8:    "For those who are in accord with  the  flesh  set  their  minds  on the things of the flesh,  but those in  accord  with the spirit on the things of the spirit.  For the minding of the flesh means  death,  but the minding of the spirit means  life  and  peace; because  the minding of the flesh means enmity with God,  for  it  is not  under subjection  to the law of God,  nor,  in fact, can it  be.  So those who are in harmony with the flesh cannot please God."  Read on:

Romans 8:12,13:  "So,  then, brothers, we are under obligation,  not to  the  flesh to live in accord with the flesh;  for if you live  in accord  with  the  flesh  you are sure to die; but  if  you  put  the practices  of the body to death by the spirit, you will live."  Read on:

                      ARE YOU A SON OR A SLAVE?

Romans  8:14-17:    "For all who are led by God's spirit,  these  are God's sons.  For you did not receive a spirit of slavery causing fear  again,  but  you  received a spirit of adoption as  sons,  by  which spirit we  cry out:  `Abba, Father!'  The spirit itself bears witness with  our  spirit that we are God's children.  If,  then,  we  are  children,  we are also heirs:  heirs  indeed of God, but joint  heirs with  Christ  provided  we  suffer together that  we  may  also  be glorified together."

Are  you in harmony with the Spirit?  Are you led by  God's  Spirit?  If  so,  are you one of God's sons?  Or, are you still a  slave  to sin?  If a son, then you are also a joint heir with Christ!  Compare:

Galatians  4:6,7:  "Now because you are sons,  God has  sent  forth  the  spirit  of his Son into our hearts and it cries  out:  `Abba,  Father!'  So,  then,  you are no longer a slave but a son;  and if  a son, also an heir through God."

                      HAVE YOU RECEIVED CHRIST?

John  1:12,13:  "However,  as many as did receive him,  to  them  he gave  authority  to  become  God's  children,  because  they  were exercising faith in his name;  and they were born, not from blood  or from a fleshly will or from man's will, but from God." 

Have  you  exercised faith in Christ's name?  Have  you  received  Him?  Have you been born from God and become one of  His  children?  Physical  life begins with birth.  Spiritual life also begins with  a birth. 

          ABRAHAM, ISAAC AND JACOB IN THE HEAVENLY KINGDOM?

    Matthew  8:11,12:    "But  I tell you that  many  from  eastern 

Isaac  and Jacob in the kingdom of the heavens;  whereas the sons  of the kingdom will be thrown  into  the  darkness outside."

Jesus  is  clearly speaking of something in the future.  ("Many  ...  will  come.")  Should we view this as merely figurative?  The  March 15,  1962 Watchtower,  pages 191 and 192, argues that Abraham  stands for  Jehovah God,  Isaac stands for Jesus Christ, and  Jacob  stands for  the  144,000  (see  also page 28  of  the  September  1,  1978 Watchtower).  They  say  this is  all that will be in  the  heavenly kingdom.  However, such a view  is inconsistent with  Jesus'  words.  For "Abraham, Isaac and Jacob" are not the only ones in the  heavenly kingdom!  "With" them will be "many  from eastern  parts and  western parts"!  That  would be many more  than  just  Jehovah,  Jesus  and 144,000 resurrected humans.  The December  1,  1986 Watchtower,  page 9, relates some of the context of Jesus' words:

"`The  sons  of the kingdom .  .  .thrown into  the  darkness outside'  are natural Jews who do not accept the  opportunity offered first to them of being rulers with Christ.  Abraham, Isaac,  and Jacob represent God's Kingdom arrangement.  Thus Jesus is relating how Gentiles will be welcomed to recline at the  heavenly  table,  as it were,  `in the  kingdom  of  the heavens.'" (Emphasis ours; ellipsis in text)

The  context  of  Matthew  8:11,12  (when  a  Gentile  army  officer manifested  his  faith)  makes it clear Jesus is  referring  to  the  fact  that  many Gentiles  would come into the Kingdom.  Considering that  many Gentiles `from  the East and from the West' would  recline with  Abraham,  Isaac, and  Jacob'  in  the heavenly  Kingdom  makes  the  Watchtower  Society's interpretation  improbable.    Besides,  Jesus  uses  similar  words  in another  sermon  as  recorded at Luke 13:28,29.    There  He  speaks  of "Abraham and Isaac and  Jacob  and all  the prophets" with people from the East, West, North  and  South also  reclining at the table in the Kingdom.  If Abraham, Isaac,  and Jacob are figurative, who do "all the  prophets" symbolize?  Really, can't we just accept Jesus' words at face value?

    Hebrews  11:16 (speaking of Abraham,  Isaac,  and  Jacob):  "But now they are reaching out for a better place,  that is, one belonging to  heaven.  Hence God is not ashamed of them,  to be called upon  as their God,  for he has made a city ready for them."  (Compare Hebrews 12:22,23; 13:14).

                12,000 & 144,000-LITERAL OR SYMBOLIC?

Revelation  7:4-8  speaks  of 144,000 sealed from the  12  tribes  of Israel.  12,000  are  to  be  sealed from each tribe.  On pages  12  and  13  of Commentary on the Letter of James (published in 1979  by the  Watchtower Society) we are told:

"Since  natural Israel consisted of 12 tribes,  it  logically follows that spiritual Israel would be spoken of as having 12 tribes to show that it was a complete spiritual nation,  with no  part or tribe missing.  There is no  numerical  imbalance within  spiritual  Israel, for the Bible book  of  Revelation symbolically  reveals that an equal  number-12,000-is  sealed from every tribe. (Rev. 7:4-8)" (Emphasis ours)

If the number 12,000 from each tribe is symbolic, wouldn't the  total be symbolic also?  If the number 144,000 is literal, shouldn't  there be  12 literal groups of 12,000 comprising the 144,000?  To  say  the 12,000  is symbolic  and  the  total  144,000  is    literal    is  inconsistent.    (Interestingly,  most  Jehovah's  Witnesses  would interpret  the  numbers 12,000  and 144 elsewhere in  the  book  of Revelation  to  be  symbolic,  as  at  Revelation  21:16,17.)  Bible commentators differ whether the numbers 12,000 and 144,000 should  be understood  literally  or  symbolically,  but  it  is  obvious  the numbers should be considered both literal  or  both symbolic.

                WHERE DO THE GREAT CROWD SERVE GOD?

Revelation  7:9,10,15:    "After these things I saw,  and  look!  a great  crowd,  which no man was able to number,  out of  all  nations and tribes and  peoples  and tongues,  standing before the throne and  before  the  Lamb,  dressed  in white robes;  and  there  were  palm branches  in  their  hands.  And they keep on crying  with  a  loud voice,  saying: `Salvation we owe to our God, who is seated  on  the throne, and to the Lamb.  That is  why they are before the throne of God;  and they are  rendering  him sacred  service day and  night  in his  temple [Greek: naos]; and the  One seated  on  the  throne  will spread his tent over them."  Compare  this with:

Revelation  7:11:    "And all the angels were  standing  around  the throne  and the elders and the four living creatures,  and they  fell upon their faces  before  the throne and worshiped God."  In the same  vision  the angels,  elders,  and 4 living creatures are also said to be before the throne.  Where are they?  In heaven or on the earth?

                OUTER COURTYARDS NOT PART OF "NAOS"

What  does it mean when it says the "great crowd" worship  God  "in  his  temple"?  Doesn't that indicate they will be  in  heaven?  The Watchtower Society says the "great crowd" worship God in a particular location  in  God's  temple.  According to  the  August  15,  1980 Watchtower,  page  15,  the  "great crowd"  worship  in  the  outer courtyards of God's temple - the Court of the Gentiles (the  nations) -  which  they  say  represents  earthly  worshipers,  not  heavenly worshipers.  Consider,  please,  how  the  rest  of  the  book  of Revelation shows us how the Greek word naos ("temple")  is used:

Revelation  11:1,2:    "And a reed like a rod was given  me  as  he  said: `Get  up and measure the temple sanctuary [Greek:  naos] of God and the altar  and  those worshiping in it.  But as for the courtyard  that  is outside  the temple sanctuary [Greek: naos], cast it  clear out  and  do  not  measure it, because it has  been  given  to  the nations, and they will trample the holy city underfoot for  forty-two months.'"

In  the New World Translation the same Greek word naos is  translated  as "temple" in Revelation 7 and as "temple [sanctuary]" in Revelation  11.  (The  Watchtower  Society's  Kingdom  Interlinear  Translation translates  it  both  times  as  "divine  habitation.")    Why  the difference?  Evidently the Society  does not want to admit that  the "great  crowd" worship  in  the heavenly  sanctuary.  Instead,  they try to divide God's temple  into  2 areas.  The  Society  says  the inner  temple  area  (closest  to  the sanctuary) represents  heaven.  They  say the outer courtyards  represent earthly  worshipers.  That is  why  the Society teaches  that  the  great crowd worship  in  the outer  courtyards of the temple - the Court of  the Gentiles,  as  in King Herod's temple. However, Revelation 11:1,2  argues  persuasively  against  the  idea that the  outer  courtyards  would  be included in the  naos.  It says the the courtyard given to  the  Gentiles  (the nations)  is "outside the naos," outside the temple.  In  fact,  the Greek  word  naos always refers to God's heavenly  temple  in  every  other  place it appears in the book of Revelation!  (Naos  occurs  in the  Greek text  at  Revelation  3:12;  7:15;  11:1,2,19*;  14:15,17;  15:5,6,8*; 16:1,17; 21:22*.) ( *  "Naos" occurs twice in these verses.  The NWT translates some  of these simply as "sanctuary.")

                    THE GREAT CROWD IN HEAVEN?

Revelation  19:1:  "After these things I heard what was  as  a  loud  voice  of  a  great crowd in heaven.  They said:  `Praise  Jah,  you people!    The salvation  and  the glory and the power belong to  our  God.'"  Compare Revelation 7:9,10.  Notice the similarity in wording between Revelation 19:1 and Revelation 7:9,10 (quoted on page 4).

Some  say  the  "great crowd" here are angels.  However,  why  would  angels ascribe salvation to God?  The angels that sinned will not  be saved  (2 Peter 2:4).  The faithful angels do not need salvation.

                    SOME OBJECTIONS CONSIDERED:

                    "WHAT ABOUT THE NEW EARTH?"

Revelation  21:1,2:  "And I saw a new heaven and a new  earth;  for  the former  heaven and the former earth had passed away,  and the sea is no more.  I  saw also the holy city,  New Jerusalem,  coming down out  of  heaven  from God and prepared as a bride  adorned  for  her husband." 

Traditional  Christianity affirms there will be both a new heaven and a  new  earth.  Revelation chapters 21 and 22 seem to indicate  there  will  be  some  sort of uniting of heaven and earth, when  the  New  Jerusalem descends  from  heaven.  (We are not told exactly how  this  uniting  of heaven and earth will take place.  Nor do we  know  what sort of physical changes  may be required.)  This is what some  call "the final  state."  George Eldon Ladd writes:

"The final state of the Kingdom of God is a new heaven and  a new  earth ([Revelation] 21:1ff.)  This expresses a  theology of  creation  that  runs  throughout  the  Bible.The  Old Testament  prophets picture the Kingdom of God in terms of  a redeemed earth (Isa.  11:6-9; Joel 3:18; Amos 9:13-15).  This is  described in terms of a new heaven and new earth even  in the  Old  Testament  (Isa.  65:17;66:22).  .  .  However,  a fundamental  theology  underlies  these  expectations,  even though they must be clarified by progressive revelation: that man's  ultimate  destiny  is an earthly  one.  .  .  The  New Testament  does  not  outstrip  this  theology,  although  it reveals more than the Old Testament does by showing that  the newness  of  the eternal order is much more radical than  God had  disclosed  to  the  prophets.Jesus  spoke  of  the regeneration of the world (Mt.  19:28), and Paul spoke of the redemption of the created order (Rom.  8:20-21)." A  Theology of the New Testament, by George Eldon Ladd.  Published by Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1974.  Page 631.  (Emphasis ours)

Revelation  5:10:  "You have made them to be a kingdom and  priests  to  serve  our  God,  and  they will  reign  on  the  earth."  (New  International  Version)    The  New  World  Translation  has  "reign  over"  which  is  a possible translation,  but not the most  literal translation.    However,  the  Kingdom Interlinear  shows  the  basic meaning  of the Greek word  here is  "upon."  Initially,  Christians will worship God in His  temple  in heaven (Revelation 7:9,15; 19:1).  After  that, in the final state,  the saints  (holy ones) will  reign upon the earth, when the  New  Jerusalem descends  from heaven.  That is described in detail in chapters 21  and 22 of Revelation.

                "WHO WILL THE HOLY ONES RULE OVER?"

-To which we respond with this question-

              WILL YOU BE OUTSIDE OF THE NEW JERUSALEM?

Revelation  5:10  (quoted  in  the section above) says  the  holy  ones  (saints)  will reign.  Some claim this means  the  holy  ones  must  have subjects.  However,  take  time  to read the  description of  the  final state in Revelation chapters 21 and 22 and it  becomes obvious that  the New  Jerusalem is the home of the redeemed.    What of those outside the city?  Carefully consider this passage:

Revelation  22:14,15:    "`Happy  are  those  who  wash  their  robes  [compare  Rev. 7:14], that the authority to go to the trees  of  life may  be theirs and  that they may gain entrance into the city by  its  gates.    Outside are  the dogs and those who practice spiritism  and the  fornicators  and the  murderers and the idolaters  and  everyone liking and carrying on  a lie.'"  What  is your hope?  Do you  hope `to gain entrance  into  the city,' or will you be outside with those judged by God? 

Does  the  fact  the  holy ones (saints)  reign  mean  they  must  have subjects?  Compare this passage:

1  Peter 2:9,10:  "But you are `a chosen race,  a royal  priesthood,  a  holy  nation,  a people for special possession,  that  you  should declare abroad  the  excellencies' of the one that called you out  of  darkness into his wonderful light.  For you were once not a  people, but  are  now God's people;  you were those who had  not  been  shown mercy, but are now those  who  have been shown mercy."

The  early  Christians  that  Peter wrote  to  were  already  a  "royal  priesthood"  at  that time.  Since they were called  royalty,  did  that mean  they  ruled  over others?  Or, is the  emphasis  on  the  glories Christians  share  in because of their position in union  with    Christ?  (Compare  Ephesians  2:4-7  where  Paul  says  that Christians  in Ephesus had been  `raised  up and seated  together  in the  heavenly places  in  union with  Christ.')  Christians  already share  royal  blessings.  However, this  doesn't  indicate  that  they  rule  over  others.  Nor  is  that  indicated  at  Revelation 5:10. 

Anthony  Hoekema  gives a possible additional meaning for the  reign  of the holy ones:

"One  might  wonder  over whom these  glorified  saints  will reign,  since  all  human  beings  on  the  new  earth  will participate  in  this reigning.  Perhaps the best  answer  to this  question is that this will be a reigning over  the  new creation.  Man will now be able to fulfill in a perfect  way the  mandate to have dominion over the earth which  he  could only  fulfill imperfectly on the present earth.  In the  life to  come, in other words, man will for the first  time  since the fall rule the earth properly."  The Bible and the Future, by  Anthony A. Hoekema.  Published by Wm. B. Eerdmans,  1979.  Page 283.  (Emphasis ours)

So  it  is not a question of who the holy ones rule over,  but  of  what  they  rule over.  In discussing the description of  the  New  Jerusalem  given  in  Revelation chapter  21,  Hoekema  adds  these interesting points (on page 285 of the above-mentioned book):

"The  fact that the names of the twelve tribes are  inscribed on the twelve gates (v.  12) and that the names of the twelve apostles  are  written  on the  twelve  foundations  (v.  14) suggests that the people of God on the new earth will include believers  from both the Old Testament covenant community and from the church of the New Testament era."

              "JOHN THE BAPTIST WON'T BE IN HEAVEN!"

Some  interpret  Jesus'  words at Matthew 11:11  to  mean  John  the  Baptist will not be in the heavenly kingdom.  Is this so?

Matthew  11:11:    "Truly I say to you people,  Among those  born  of women there  has not been raised up a greater than John the  Baptist;  but  a person  that is a lesser one in the kingdom of the heavens  is  greater than he is."

Some  say  this  means  that one who will  be  `least'  in  the  heavenly  kingdom  will be greater than John the  Baptist.  However, Jesus uses the present  tense  here: "is," not `will be.'  Jesus  was not  speaking  of  future  destinies  in  this  verse.    He  was  speaking  about  current blessings.  While at times the Kingdom  is spoken  of  as future,  it  is also spoken of as  present.  (Compare Colossians  1:13 where it says  God has  "transferred"  [past  tense] Christians into the Kingdom.  See  also Matthew  12:28;  Mark  10:15; Luke  17:20,21.)    Jesus  inaugurated  the  Kingdom.    John  the Baptist had no part in that, except  to  introduce Jesus.  So  those  who would be following Jesus (and thus  be  in  the Kingdom) would be greater (more privileged) than John, who did not  get involved  with Jesus'  ministry.  This  verse says  nothing  about  John's  final position. 

              "JESUS HAS `OTHER SHEEP,' EARTHLY SHEEP!"
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