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Keys to Revelation, Chapter 14

Written by: Capoccia, Tony    Posted on: 05/12/2003

Category: Bible Studies

Source: CCN

                        Keys to Revelation - Chapter 14

Taken from the HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION (C) 1978 by the New York International Bible Society, used by permission of Zondervan Bible Publishers.

          BIBLE TEXT                                  COMMENTARY

REV 14:1  Then I looked, and there        [I looked] - In bold contrast John before me was the Lamb, standing on      sees the gentle and pure Lamb rather Mount Zion, and with him 144,000          than the ugly and evil dragon and who had his name and his Father's        beasts of chapter 13. name written on their foreheads.                                                    [the Lamb] - The Lamb of God, Jesus                                           Christ.                         

                                          [standing on Mount Zion] - We saw in                                           REV 13:1 that Satan was standing on                                           on the shifting sands of the seashore                                           but here the King of the Universe is                                           standing on Mount Zion!           

                                          [Mount Zion] - A sacred place known                                           for its divine deliverance (see JOEL                                           2:32).

                                          [144,000] - These are the same group                                           of Jewish born believers found in                                           REV 7.  They were evangelists that                                           were ordained by God to carry the                                           message of Salvation throughout the                                           Tribulation Period. 

                                          [written on their foreheads] - The                                           followers of the Antichrist have a                                           "mark" on their forehead or right                                           hand (REV 13:16).  But the followers                                           of the Pure and True God have the                                           name of the Lamb and of the Father on                                           their foreheads to display the fact                                           that the 144,000 belong to both the                                           Father and the Son.

                                          All believers will have inscribed on                                           them the Name of the Father and the                                           New Name of Christ according to REV                                           3:12.  Just like a woman takes the                                           name of her husband as part of her                                           name so we will take the name of our                                           God as a permanent part of our new                                           identity.

                                        REV 14:2  And I heard a sound from        [sound from heaven] - John's point of heaven like the roar of rushing          reference seems to be the earth with waters and like a loud peal of            the 144,000 standing on Mount Zion. thunder. The sound I heard was like      The sound from heaven is very loud that of harpists playing their            and sounded like harps playing. The harps.                                    harpists could be angels or fellow                                           saints in heaven.

REV 14:3  And they sang a new song        [they sang] - The 144,000 Jewish before the throne and before the          Evangelists standing on Mount Zion. four living creatures and the elders. No one could learn the song      [new song] - There are numerous OT except the 144,000 who had been          references to the redeemed singing redeemed from the earth.                  a new song (PSA 33:3; 40:3; 96:1;                                           144:9; 149:1; ISA 42:10).  The new                                           song is like the new name (REV 2:17)                                           that is known only to its hearer.                                            The unbeliever with the old nature of                                           sin cannot learn the new song because                                           it is a song of redemption and                                           deliverance.

                                          [learn the song] - The only persons                                           could learn the song are those who                                           have been redeemed from the earth.                                           In this verse the 144,000 are in view                                           and contrasted with the unsaved of                                           the earth. 

REV 14:4  These are those who did        [These] - The 144,000 not defile themselves with women, for they kept themselves pure. They      [not defile themselves with women] - follow the Lamb wherever he goes.        This is not to mean that they were They were purchased from among men        not married, for marriage does not and offered as firstfruits to God        defile anyone.  These 144,000 men and the Lamb.                            led pure lives and did not yield to                                           the seductions of the world.  In our                                           age, sexual immorality is rampant,                                           but in the Tribulation Period it will                                           be much worse (REV 9:21).

                                          [firstfruits] - After the Rapture                                           there were only Unbelievers on the                                           earth.  Then God called 144,000 Jews                                           and gave them the faith to believe.                                           These were the firstfruits in that                                           they were the first of the many that                                           would be converted during these last                                           seven years before the Millennium.

REV 14:5  No lie was found in their      [No lie] - Someone has said, "after mouths; they are blameless.              purity truthfulness is the most                                           distinctive mark of the followers of                                           Christ." 

REV 14:6  Then I saw another angel        [another angel] - In addition to the flying in midair, and he had the          angels already seen (REV 8:2; 8:3; eternal gospel to proclaim to those      10:1). who live on the earth--to every nation, tribe, language and people.      [flying in midair] - Like the eagle                                           in REV 8:13 it flies in mid-air to be                                           seen and heard by all who dwell on                                           the earth.  No one on the earth will                                           have an excuse for not hearing the                                           gospel message since God has an angel                                           broadcasting it from the heavens.

                                          [eternal gospel] - It has never                                           changed throughout time, for the                                           Gospel has called mankind to fear,                                            honor, and worship the Creator.  The                                           NT Gospel showed that the only way                                           it was possible to fear God and to                                           honor and worship Him was through the                                           free gift of faith, along with true                                           repentance, and submission to the                                           Lordship of Jesus Christ -- the Sweet                                           God of the Universe.

REV 14:7  He said in a loud voice,        [He said in a loud voice] - The angel "Fear God and give him glory,            is flying in the sky and cannot be because the hour of his judgment          stopped by the evil forces of the has come. Worship him who made the        world because God is showing mercy heavens, the earth, the sea and the      and grace by offering, the rebellious springs of water."                        of the earth, an opportunity to make                                           peace with God, rather than receive                                           the full force of His judgments.

                                          [Worship Him who made] - COL 1:16                                            "For by Him all things were created:                                           things in heaven and on earth,                                           visible and invisible, whether                                           thrones or powers or rulers or                                           authorities; all things were created                                           by Him and for Him."  The Him of                                           course is the Lord Jesus Christ.

REV 14:8  A second angel followed        [followed] - The second angel and said, "Fallen! Fallen is              followed the first and thus likewise Babylon the Great, which made all        flew in midair. the nations drink the maddening wine of her adulteries."                  [Fallen is Babylon] - The idea is                                           that Babylon's fall is still future                                           but it is so certain to happen that                                           the angel can announce it as fallen,                                           because no power can stop the fall                                           of Babylon.

                                          Babylon is the  name for the world                                           system that at this time is headed                                           by the city of Rome (See 1PE 5:13).                                           The ancient city of Babylon was the                                           religious and political capital of                                           of a world empire, renowned for its                                           luxury and moral corruption.  Above                                           all it was the great enemy of the                                           people of God.  For the early church                                           the city of Rome was a contemporary                                           Babylon.

                                          [adulteries] - Primarily speaking of                                           the influence that Rome and the world                                           system has had on making mankind be                                           "unfaithful" to the true God.  The                                           last world empire was the Roman                                           Empire and even though it fell, it                                           has left a tremendous influence on                                           world that earned it the title of                                           Babylon the Great.

REV 14:9  A third angel followed          [If anyone worships] - Can you them and said in a loud voice: "If        imagine being on earth and seeing all anyone worships the beast and his        these mighty angels flying in midair image and receives his mark on the        giving warnings of coming judgments? forehead or on the hand,                  The majority of mankind will not                                           respond to the message of the angels.

REV 14:10  he, too, will drink of        [be tormented] - This is a direct the wine of God's fury, which has        reference to the Lake of Fire, also been poured full strength into the        known as the Lake of Burning Sulfur cup of his wrath. He will be              (REV 20:10-15).  God is very clear tormented with burning sulfur in          about the fact that those who fail the presence of the holy angels and      to receive His Grace will receive of the Lamb.                              His Wrath.  The torments are real                                           and forever.

                                          [in the presence] - The King over                                           Hell (Lake of Fire) is the Lord Jesus                                           Christ.  Satan is only one of the                                           prisoners there.  Jesus and His                                           angels can and will observe the                                           torments being levied there. 

REV 14:11  And the smoke of their        [for ever and ever] - To understand torment rises for ever and ever.          what eternity is, then think of the There is no rest day or night for        fact, that when a person has been in those who worship the beast and his      Hell suffering torment and agony image, or for anyone who receives        (LUK 16:24) for 10,000 years, that at the mark of his name."                    the end of the 10,000 years he has                                           just as much eternity left as he had                                           when he started.  There is never any                                           parole boards for those in Hell.   

REV 14:12  This calls for patient        [patient endurance] - The pressure to endurance on the part of the saints      take the mark of the beast will be who obey God's commandments and          great, for no one can buy or sell nor remain faithful to Jesus.                secure a job without the mark.  To be                                           a Christian will be extremely costly                                           for the individual and his family.                                           But Our Lord Jesus will empower His                                           believers during that time with a                                           special grace, much like the dying                                           grace given to Stephen during his                                           stoning (ACT 7:55).

REV 14:13  Then I heard a voice          [who die...from now on] - These are from heaven say, "Write: Blessed          the Tribulation Martyrs that will be are the dead who die in the Lord          killed for their love of Jesus and from now on." "Yes," says the            their refusal to receive the mark and Spirit, "they will rest from their        to worship the beast.  labor, for their deeds will follow them."                                    [deeds will follow] - Their testimony               &nb

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